Nuclear Energy USA – ABWR http://abwr.org/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 19:27:56 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://abwr.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default-150x150.png Nuclear Energy USA – ABWR http://abwr.org/ 32 32 Guy Farmer: Senator Harry Reid, hero or villain? https://abwr.org/guy-farmer-senator-harry-reid-hero-or-villain/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 03:52:13 +0000 https://abwr.org/guy-farmer-senator-harry-reid-hero-or-villain/ Guy Farmer By Guy W. Farmer Saturday, January 8, 2022 Depending on who you talk to, the late Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who died of pancreatic cancer on December 28 at the age of 82, was either a true blue hero who fought for Nevada and kept highly toxic nuclear waste out of our […]]]>

Guy Farmer

Depending on who you talk to, the late Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who died of pancreatic cancer on December 28 at the age of 82, was either a true blue hero who fought for Nevada and kept highly toxic nuclear waste out of our state, or it was a sneaky and unscrupulous liar who was the root of all evil in the Silver State and the United States Senate.
Young “Pinky” Reid arrived in Carson City as a member of the Clark County assembly shortly after I left to join the foreign service in 1967. By this time, Reid was a moderate and pragmatic Democrat who followed. the traces of the governors. Grant Sawyer and Mike O’Callaghan, his political mentor. A few years later, Reid became the lieutenant governor of O’Callaghan at age 32 before being appointed chairman of the powerful Nevada Gaming Commission, which I worked for in the 1960s.
Nevada freelance editor Jon Ralston, who covered Reid’s political career for 35 years, wrote that the late senator “was more complicated than you think,” and I agree. Ralston accurately described Reid as “a poor kid out of nowhere in the United States who escaped from his rough beginnings to become the state’s youngest lieutenant governor,” and later an agent of the United States. national political power with hordes of influential friends and angry enemies.
“Reid never stopped moving forward,” Ralston wrote, “always making deals, cajoling those he could with his strategic genius (and) crushing those he couldn’t without grace and remorse, never looking back. ” Ralston added that it would be a mistake to caricature the pugnacious Reid as “a former boxer who was not afraid of a low blow (and / or) a ruthless tactician who would do anything to win.” Well maybe, but this cartoon is part of the description of the Reid I have known for over 50 years.
Reid and I had mutual friends in Nevada and Washington and soon after I returned to Carson in 1996 he invited my son Guy and I to have lunch in Reno with him and his son Rory, who later introduced himself. as governor, and lost. It was a pleasant meeting and we discussed politics and the people we had known in our respective careers. I asked him about politics in Washington and he wanted to know what I had learned so far in my career in the Foreign Service. He was particularly interested in my experience as the spokesperson for the US mission during the 1983 multinational invasion of the small conflict-torn Caribbean island of Grenada, where two communist factions clashed in a violent struggle. for power.
Two years later he sent me a signed copy of his autobiography, “Searchlight, the (Mining) Camp that Didn’t Fail”. At that time, however, I was writing mostly conservative appeal columns, which he didn’t like, and liked him even less because he championed President Obama’s very liberal policies in the Senate. Nonetheless, I enjoyed his book, which told his story of rags to riches and his long-standing dedication to his home country. As Mike O’Callaghan wrote in his foreword to Reid’s book, “The lessons he (Reid) learned in Searchlight – lessons in dealing with adversity, dealing with a harsh environment and extreme and challenges with courage and principle – form the basis of his life. job.”
These lessons worked because Reid, almost single-handedly, prevented the federal government and the deep-pocket nuclear industry from turning our state into the nation’s nuclear waste dump. He was like that Dutch kid who stood there with his finger in a dike that held over 80,000 tonnes of highly toxic nuclear waste. In my opinion, this was his singular achievement in a long and controversial political career.
Senator Harry Reid was our man in Washington. Hero or villain? Both.
Guy W. Farmer is Appeal’s senior political columnist.


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Analysis of the 2021 Nuclear Power Cables Market Outlook by Major Key Players https://abwr.org/analysis-of-the-2021-nuclear-power-cables-market-outlook-by-major-key-players/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:48:08 +0000 https://abwr.org/analysis-of-the-2021-nuclear-power-cables-market-outlook-by-major-key-players/ New Jersey, United States, – The Global Nuclear Power Cables Market report is one of the most comprehensive and significant addition to the market research archive of Market Research Intellect. Provides detailed research and analysis of the major aspects of the global Nuclear Power Cables market. The market analysts who produced the report have provided […]]]>

New Jersey, United States, – The Global Nuclear Power Cables Market report is one of the most comprehensive and significant addition to the market research archive of Market Research Intellect. Provides detailed research and analysis of the major aspects of the global Nuclear Power Cables market. The market analysts who produced the report have provided detailed information on key growth drivers, restraints, challenges, trends, and opportunities to provide a comprehensive analysis of the global Nuclear Power Cables Market. Market players can use the analysis of market dynamics to plan effective growth strategies and prepare for future challenges in advance.

Each trend in the global Nuclear Power Cables market is carefully analyzed and studied by market analysts. Market analysts and researchers have performed an in-depth analysis of the global nuclear power cables market using research methodologies such as pestle and Porter’s five forces analysis.

They have provided accurate and reliable market data and helpful recommendations with the aim of helping players gain insight into the overall current and future market scenario. The Nuclear Power Cables report includes in-depth research on potential segments, including product types, applications, and end-users, as well as their contribution to the overall market size.

Get | Download a sample copy with table of contents, graphics and list of [email protected] https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/download-sample/?rid=247741

The main players covered by the nuclear power cables markets:

  • Nexans
  • Anhui Cable
  • General cable
  • Habia cable
  • Kabelwerk Eupen
  • RSCC wire and cable
  • Orient the wire and cable
  • TMC
  • Bayi cable
  • Tiankang
  • Paras Wires Private Limited
  • Zenium Cables Ltd.
  • Batra Cable Corporation
  • Elcab drivers

Market segmentation of automated drug delivery systems:

The Automated Drug Delivery Systems market report has categorized the market into segments comprising product type and application. Each segment is evaluated based on share and growth rate. Meanwhile, analysts looked at potential areas that could prove rewarding for builders in the years to come. The regional analysis includes reliable forecast on value and volume, thereby helping market players to gain in-depth insights into the entire industry.

Market breakdown of nuclear power cables by type:

  • Nuclear island cable
  • Conventional island cable

Nuclear Power Cables Market Split By Application:

  • Inside the reactors
  • Outside the reactor

Based on geography: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, etc.), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa).

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Scope of the Nuclear Power Cables Market Report

Report attribute Details
Market size available for years 2021 – 2028
Reference year considered 2021
Historical data 2015 – 2019
Forecast period 2021 – 2028
Quantitative units Revenue in millions of USD and CAGR from 2021 to 2027
Covered segments Types, applications, end users, etc.
Cover of the report Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends
Regional scope North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Scope of customization Free customization of reports (equivalent to 8 working days for analysts) with purchase. Add or change the scope of country, region and segment.
Price and purchase options Take advantage of custom shopping options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchasing options

Key questions answered in the report:

  • What is the growth potential of the Nuclear Power Cables markets?
  • Which product segment will take the lion’s share?
  • Which regional market will emerge as a precursor in the years to come?
  • Which application segment will grow at a sustained rate?
  • What are the growth opportunities that could emerge in the lock washer industry in the years to come?
  • What are the major challenges that the global Nuclear Power Cables markets could face in the future?
  • Who are the leading companies in the global nuclear power cables market?
  • What are the main trends that are positively impacting the growth of the market?
  • What are the growth strategies envisioned by the players to maintain their grip on the global Nuclear Cables market?

For more information or a query or a personalization before purchasing, visit @ https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/product/global-nuclear-power-cables-market-size-and-forecast/

The study thoroughly explores the profiles of the major market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analyst report is useful for all existing and new entrants when designing their business strategies. This report covers the production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Electric Power Cables market for each key company, and covers the breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Historical nuclear power cable failure data from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

About us: Market research intelligence

Market Research Intellect provides syndicated and personalized research reports to clients from various industries and organizations in addition to the goal of providing personalized and in-depth research studies. range of industries, including energy, technology, manufacturing and construction, chemicals and materials, food and beverage. Etc. Our research studies help our clients make more data-driven decisions, admit push predictions, grossly capitalize on opportunities, and maximize efficiency by acting as their criminal belt to adopt accurate mention and essential without compromise. clients, we have provided expertly behaving affirmation research facilities to over 100 Global Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, IBM, Shell, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Siemens, Microsoft, Sony and Hitachi.

Contact us:
Mr. Edwyne Fernandes
United States: +1 (650) -781-48080
UK: +44 (753) -715-0008
APAC: +61 (488) -85-9400
US Toll Free: +1 (800) -782-1768

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Analysis of the market size of nuclear steam generators in 2021 by major key players https://abwr.org/analysis-of-the-market-size-of-nuclear-steam-generators-in-2021-by-major-key-players/ Thu, 06 Jan 2022 03:24:12 +0000 https://abwr.org/analysis-of-the-market-size-of-nuclear-steam-generators-in-2021-by-major-key-players/ New Jersey, United States, – The global nuclear steam generators market report comprises an in-depth analysis which covers core regional trends, market dynamics, and provides the market size at the national level of the market industry. Some major aspects considered during the research included product description, product classification, industry structure, various players in the nuclear […]]]>

New Jersey, United States, – The global nuclear steam generators market report comprises an in-depth analysis which covers core regional trends, market dynamics, and provides the market size at the national level of the market industry. Some major aspects considered during the research included product description, product classification, industry structure, various players in the nuclear steam generator market, etc. The market report provides the values ​​for the historical period along with the forecast period and% CAGR measured for individual segments and regional markets.

The report focuses on the global companies operating in the Nuclear Steam Generator market providing data points such as company profiles, product picture and description, capacity, production, value, revenue and coordinates. This research provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is an important source of direction and direction for companies and individuals involved in the market. In addition to CAGR forecast, various other parameters such as year-over-year market growth, qualitative and quantitative information are presented. Key points such as market size, value, volume, product portfolio, market explanation and classification are shown. Additionally, current trends, technological advancements in the Nuclear Steam Generators market are explained.

Get | Download a sample copy with table of contents, graphics and list of [email protected] https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/download-sample/?rid=155864

The Major Players Covered By The Nuclear Steam Generators Markets:

  • Mitsubishi
  • Westinghouse Electric
  • Atomic Energy of Canada
  • BHEL
  • Korea electric power
  • GE Hitachi Nuclear Power

Market segmentation of automated drug delivery systems:

The Automated Drug Delivery Systems market report has categorized the market into segments comprising type of product and application. Each segment is evaluated based on share and growth rate. Meanwhile, analysts looked at potential areas that could prove rewarding for builders in the years to come. The regional analysis includes reliable forecast on value and volume, thereby helping market players to acquire in-depth insights into the entire industry.

Nuclear Steam Generator Market Breakdown by Type:

  • Horizontal steam generator
  • Vertical steam generator

Nuclear Steam Generator Market Split By Application:

  • Nuclear reactor
  • Nuclear plant
  • Other

Based on geography: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, etc.), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa).

Get | Discount on purchasing this report @ https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/ask-for-discount/?rid=155864

Scope of the Nuclear Steam Generators Market Report

Report attribute Details
Market size available for years 2021 – 2028
Reference year considered 2021
Historical data 2015 – 2019
Forecast period 2021 – 2028
Quantitative units Revenue in millions of USD and CAGR from 2021 to 2027
Covered segments Types, applications, end users, etc.
Cover of the report Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends
Regional scope North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Scope of customization Free customization of reports (equivalent to 8 working days for analysts) with purchase. Add or change the scope of country, region and segment.
Price and purchase options Take advantage of custom shopping options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchasing options

Key questions answered in the report:

  • What is the growth potential of the Nuclear Steam Generator markets?
  • Which product segment will take the lion’s share?
  • Which regional market will emerge as a precursor in the years to come?
  • Which application segment will grow at a sustained rate?
  • What are the growth opportunities that could emerge in the lock washer industry in the years to come?
  • What are the main challenges that the global nuclear steam generator markets could face in the future?
  • Who are the leading companies in the global nuclear steam generator market?
  • What are the main trends that are positively impacting the growth of the market?
  • What are the growth strategies envisioned by the players to maintain their grip on the global Nuclear Steam Generators market?

For more information or a query or a personalization before purchasing, visit @ https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/product/global-nuclear-steam-generator-market-size-forecast/

The study thoroughly explores the profiles of the major market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analysis report is useful for all existing and new entrants as they design their business strategies. This report covers the production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Nuclear Steam Generator market for each key company, and covers breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Historical data on nuclear steam generator failures from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

About Us: Market Research Intelligence

Market Research Intellect provides syndicated and personalized research reports to clients from various industries and organizations in addition to the goal of providing personalized and in-depth research studies. range of industries, including energy, technology, manufacturing and construction, chemicals and materials, food and beverage. Etc. Our research studies help our clients make more data-driven decisions, admit push predictions, grossly capitalize on opportunities, and maximize efficiency by acting as their criminal belt to adopt accurate mention and essential without compromise. clients, we have provided expertly-behaved affirmation research facilities to over 100 Global Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, IBM, Shell, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Siemens, Microsoft, Sony and Hitachi.

Contact us:
Mr. Edwyne Fernandes
United States: +1 (650) -781-48080
UK: +44 (753) -715-0008
APAC: +61 (488) -85-9400
US Toll Free: +1 (800) -782-1768

Website: –https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/


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Iran nuclear talks could point to another breakup https://abwr.org/iran-nuclear-talks-could-point-to-another-breakup/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/iran-nuclear-talks-could-point-to-another-breakup/ The ongoing negotiations on the JCPOA deal with Iran are not going as well as some media seem to suggest. In blunt remarks, several European and American diplomats said the talks are very difficult and Iran’s current position is not flexible. The position taken by newly elected Iranian President Raisi confronts predominantly European negotiators with […]]]>

The ongoing negotiations on the JCPOA deal with Iran are not going as well as some media seem to suggest. In blunt remarks, several European and American diplomats said the talks are very difficult and Iran’s current position is not flexible. The position taken by newly elected Iranian President Raisi confronts predominantly European negotiators with a clear but unconstructive position from Tehran on a possible deal.

Iran’s main demands are the lifting of the current (oil) sanctions, which were put in place after the United States left the JCPOA agreement under President Donald Trump. Negotiations are heading to a breaking point again, with participating parties considering the option of a restart of the JCPOA 2015 agreement. After the first days of the last round of negotiations, all parties were relatively optimistic, but demands farms presented by Iran have again created an impasse. French, German and British negotiators have made it clear that Tehran’s demands are unrealistic and clearly break with old compromises agreed upon.

In response, US Secretary of State Blinken expressed his disappointment. According to Blinken, Iran does not seem willing to find a compromise or a solution to the current impasse. Blinken also said that if Plan A (JCPOA 2.0) is not realistic, then Plan B will also be on the table. By now, several Gulf Arab states are already internally evaluating what a Plan B option might be. Israeli politicians and military advisers have made it clear that they will not wait for the Raisi government to achieve nuclear capabilities. in large scale.

It seems Iran is playing both sides. Officially, the country is moving towards a renewal of the JCPOA agreement, which should include the United States, and result in the lifting of sanctions. At the same time, Iranian news sites are reporting that Iran is selling its oil at attractive prices to Asian buyers, primarily China, who are prepared to bypass US sanctions.

Tehran’s main spokesperson, Iran Daily, reported that the country is selling oil at prices so low that foreign buyers are willing to circumvent US sanctions. The daily reported that Iranian oil sales to China in November rose 40% from October, reaching a level of around 600,000 bpd. Bloomberg previously reported that the Chinese government allowed small teapot refineries to import more oil in October, mostly Iranian crude.

However, official data, according to Kpler, shows no imports of Iranian oil since December 2020. Kpler said Iranian oil exports have been renamed to come from Malaysia or Oman.

A breakthrough in the negotiations is not expected any time soon. Iran’s new government has been unwilling to put in place the right framework to not only bolster confidence, but also show leniency for less extremism overall. The first months of the Raisi government will not be known for a more liberal line of government, but rather as a re-emergence of ultra-Orthodox clerics and increasing importance to followers of the IRGC. The Raisi government is made up of hard-line supporters and former extremists, some of whom are even on Interpol’s wanted list.

At the same time, Raisi, in a possible attempt to quell opposition inside, is promoting IRGC commanders and followers to key positions in government and local provinces. Last week, Raisi appointed two active-duty Revolutionary Guard commanders as governors in two key provinces. Another recent development has been the appointment by the Iranian cabinet of Abedin Khorram, commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in East Azerbaijan, as governor, while Yaghubali Nazari, commander of the IRGC in the province of Khorasan-Razavi also became governor. In reality, this decision means that the two provinces are now effectively under military governance. In contrast, past governments only appointed former IRGC commanders and not active duty commanders. Related: Guyana Votes To Create Oil Wealth Fund

Since 2020, a number of (former) IRGC leaders have been elected to parliament. With the appointment of another row of IRGC commanders as governors, the influence of the IRGC became extremely strong. The growing influence of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is also noticeable in the ongoing discussions of the JCPOA. Analysts have warned that the dream of democratic renewal under Raisi is unlikely. Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei appears to be slowly transforming the federal government into an IRGC-controlled body, eliminating possible opposition from the sideline. The IRGC is also considered one of the largest economic players in the country, with hundreds of companies from all sectors under its control.

Time is running out for the JCPOA, Iran is getting closer to Russia. Moscow’s current official opinion is that the negotiations are going very well. Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian has said in recent days that “the talks in Vienna are going in the right direction”. While Iran has pushed for the removal of Trump-era oil sanctions, it continues to develop its own stockpile of enriched uranium, improve its enrichment capabilities, process uranium to near-grade military grade.

Nuclear developments have already led to direct and indirect talks between Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia (at least indirectly) over a Plan B scenario. Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid has already declared that “Israel will not allow Iran to become a nuclear threshold country. Sources said the rocket put three devices into orbit for Iran’s civilian space program. Western, Israeli and Arab analysts fear the rocket may not be used for peaceful purposes. According to Iranian defense spokesman Ahmad Hosseini, the carrier was a Simorgh (Phoenix) rocket. He said the three devices were sent to an altitude of 470 kilometers and into the Earth’s thermosphere. The IRGC also has a parallel military program that put a satellite into orbit last year. Most Western analysts agree that the launch of missiles such as the Vienna Talks shows the growing confidence of hard-line supporters in Tehran.

Another failure of the JCPOA talks in Vienna is on the cards, even though most European governments don’t want it to happen. With Russia officially supporting Iran and China remaining on the sidelines, Iran will not be encouraged to change its attitude.

As long as Asian oil buyers continue to buy Iranian crude at a discount, Western or Israeli threats will be averted by Tehran. The oil market must take into account, however, that Israel does not always bark before it bites and that a military surgical strike against Iran becomes more likely over time.

By Cyril Widdershoven for Oil chauffage

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Hot problem: building more natural gas power plants is harming the environment https://abwr.org/hot-problem-building-more-natural-gas-power-plants-is-harming-the-environment/ Sun, 02 Jan 2022 02:00:26 +0000 https://abwr.org/hot-problem-building-more-natural-gas-power-plants-is-harming-the-environment/ Why is Illinois still building natural gas power plants? The need to convert to renewable energy sources could not be clearer. Signs of the ravages of climate change surround us every day. We are seeing record high temperatures, more severe storms, more severe droughts, huge forest fires, historic floods and more. Much of this is […]]]>

Why is Illinois still building natural gas power plants?

The need to convert to renewable energy sources could not be clearer. Signs of the ravages of climate change surround us every day. We are seeing record high temperatures, more severe storms, more severe droughts, huge forest fires, historic floods and more. Much of this is caused by the burning of fossil fuels, which release greenhouse gases and warm the planet.

Still, plans are moving forward for the Lincoln Land Energy Center, a gas-fired power plant near the bottom of Pawnee State in Sangamon County, about 13 and a half miles south of Springfield. A permit proposal is under consideration by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, a bitter pill to swallow for environmentalists who negotiated Illinois’ new clean energy law. Two more gas plants, already approved under the Bruce Rauner administration, will soon be operational in the upstate near Elwood and Morris.

The Lincoln Land Energy Center alone will emit more carbon dioxide than 800,000 automobiles. As the Chicago Tribune reported, emissions from the three new gas-fired power plants will send more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than four coal-fired power plants that shut down last year. This is leading Illinois in the wrong direction. Creating construction jobs and delivering returns to investors are not good reasons to go this route.

Building new gas plants is clearly out of step with what the state and the nation should be doing. As recently as last week, President Joe Biden enacted clean energy provisions introduced by U.S. Representative Sean Casten, D-Ill., To require 10% of existing and future military installations to achieve zero net emissions of d ‘by 2035.

Renewable energies must be our ultimate energy source

Gas plants not only burn fossil fuel, they are also a source of methane leakage into the atmosphere from the natural gas network. Although methane does not stay in the upper atmosphere for as long as carbon dioxide, it is a much more potent greenhouse gas. Pound for pound, the comparative impact of methane is 25 times that of carbon dioxide over a 100-year period, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.

As part of Illinois’ new green energy law, which Governor JB Pritzker signed in September, the state is encouraging individuals and businesses to purchase electric vehicles. To meet clean energy goals, buildings will also need to convert to electric heat and electrical appliances to replace gas-fired ones. Yet the benefits of these transitions can only be fully realized if the ultimate energy source comes from renewable wind, water or solar energy, and not natural gas.

The construction of new gas plants is in part the result of the legislature’s several-year delay in passing new clean energy legislation. No one knew whether the economically threatened nuclear power plants, now aided by the climate law, would remain open or whether grants would be available to stimulate the construction of green energy facilities. The delay also created a missed opportunity to reduce consumers’ electricity bills.

The last gas-fired plants are likely the last to be built in Illinois. They must operate for at least 20 years for investors to make a profit, and the clean energy law sets a target of 100% clean energy in the electricity grid by 2045. But new plants that burn Fossil fuels strive in the future to postpone the more likely clean energy deadlines. The harder it becomes to keep the increase in Earth’s temperature below 1.5 degrees Celsius, the harder it becomes to imagine people in the years to come doing what they won’t do today.

Passage of Illinois clean energy legislation was a milestone. But it will take the full involvement of individuals, businesses and all levels of government to avoid the worst effects of escalating climate change. As Biden’s major climate initiatives in his Build Back Better legislation remain stuck in Congress, it’s important that everyone adhere to the spirit as well as the letter of Illinois law.

Send letters to [email protected].


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Nuclear fusion, smart grids and more: this is how China wants to become climate neutral https://abwr.org/nuclear-fusion-smart-grids-and-more-this-is-how-china-wants-to-become-climate-neutral/ Fri, 31 Dec 2021 08:04:18 +0000 https://abwr.org/nuclear-fusion-smart-grids-and-more-this-is-how-china-wants-to-become-climate-neutral/ Surprisingly to many, Chinese climate envoy Xie Zhenhua announced on November 11, 2021 at the United Nations climate conference COP26 in Glasgow that his country and the United States had reached an agreement on climate protection. : “As two great powers of the world, we must take responsibility for other parties to work together to […]]]>

Surprisingly to many, Chinese climate envoy Xie Zhenhua announced on November 11, 2021 at the United Nations climate conference COP26 in Glasgow that his country and the United States had reached an agreement on climate protection. : “As two great powers of the world, we must take responsibility for other parties to work together to tackle climate change. US climate envoy John Kerry confirmed the deal. After all, 40% of the world’s CO2 comes from2Emissions from these two countries alone.

As early as September 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping specifically visited the United Nations General Assembly for the first time The climate future of his country a: “Our goal is to reach the peak of CO2-Emissions to be achieved by 2030 and CO by 20602– Become neutral. “Even more: he announced that China will no longer build coal-fired power plants abroad. Xi had already put environmental and climate issues on the domestic political agenda between 2003 and 2007. At that time, he was still secretary of the Zhejiang Province Party Committee.

With its promises, China has moved away from its previous accusation of historic guilt of rich states. According to this, the first countries are forced to reduce greenhouse gases, which have had the greatest amount of CO since the start of industrialization2 deposited in the atmosphere. The United States, for example, has stored 410 billion tonnes of CO since pre-industrial times2 in the atmosphere, China with 220 billion tons is only a little more than half. So the world had a problem even before China appeared on the world economic stage.

This turnaround is not accidental, as are in-depth analyzes of the Carbonbrief and Nature Pin up.

Since 2008, according to the “Our World in Data” website the Oxford University at the top of CO2– Issuers from all over the world. In 2020, its share was 10.67 billion tonnes, 30 percent of global CO2Emissions, a little more than twice as high as the USA with 4.81 billion tonnes of CO2.

However, if you look at the emissions per capita, the picture changes. Because for every Chinese there is only about 7.1 tons of CO2 per year, for each American with 16 tons more than twice as much. And this despite the fact that China, as the factory of the world, produces a large part of the consumer goods for the rich world, for which it must offset its emissions, for example in the production of plastics.

In the 14th five-year plan, which was adopted by the Chinese Communist Party’s People’s Congress in early March 2021, the long-term climate goals Xi announced at the 75th United Nations General Assembly have now been set in writing.

The plan matters 20 economic and social development goals binding, four of them explicitly refer to the reduction of energy consumption, the reduction of CO emissions2-Emissions, nationwide reforestation and sustainable and extensive energy production capacity.

Based on the decisions of the People’s Congress, the central government presented a detailed work guide and action plan for 2030 in October 2021. For the first time, they describe the concrete steps China is taking to reduce its CO2– Wants to achieve goals.

Important points in this regard are the strengthening of basic research and research into advanced technologies, which, in addition to nuclear fusion, also includes the development of smart electricity grids and new materials. The two decrees also contain plans to increase the share of electricity produced from renewable and nuclear sources from 16% to 80% by 2060. CO research2Separation and sequestration must be stepped up and, by 2030, electric and hybrid vehicles are expected to account for 40% of all vehicles sold.

Overall, China is now increasing its investment in low-carbon energy technologies, from hydrogen fuel cells to batteries. But research into market-based emission control mechanisms will also play a role, such as CO2– Taxes and commercial systems. In addition, there are models that help local authorities and industries set realistic reduction targets.

According to Nature’s research, more than ten scientific institutes were founded in China in 2021 alone to conduct research on climate issues.

But in the four decades of the more than ten gigatons of CO annually2 Coming to zero means a scale and speed of change no other country has yet dared, Nature cites a statement from the energy system modeler Gang It from Stony Brook University in New York, who has studied China’s energy system in depth.

Last but not least, the population must also be taken away, he said. It is also important to know which segments of the population the upheaval is affecting the most and how to help them cope.

More from MIT Technology Review

More from MIT Technology Review

More from MIT Technology Review

Part of the big change, however, will also be the change in teaching at universities. Points to this Zhang Xiliang hin, climate modeler and director of the Institute for Energy, the Environment and the Economy at Tsinghua University. For example, traditional engineering topics such as coal-fired boiler technology and combustion engines will need to be phased out in the future.

But even if China succeeds in meeting its hugely ambitious targets, they will not help keep global warming below 1.5 degrees, according to Yan Qin, economist and CO2—Model analyst at Refinitiv in Oslo, a company that provides data on financial markets.

But China’s size alone means its commitments have a global impact, according to Pep canadell, scientist at CSIRO Climate Science Center of the Australian government in Canberra. “When China moves a little left or right, up or down, the whole world feels it. Canadell is convinced that China’s goals are not as ambitious as some would like, but at least realistic: “What China should do sometimes is not what China can offer. “


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IKEA isn’t: don’t look for a nuclear friendly option, no matter what the twist https://abwr.org/ikea-isnt-dont-look-for-a-nuclear-friendly-option-no-matter-what-the-twist/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 21:59:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/ikea-isnt-dont-look-for-a-nuclear-friendly-option-no-matter-what-the-twist/ Caution. Photo: Dan Meyers, Unsplash Despite Murdoch’s hype about small nuclear reactors as a solution for Australia’s “clean energy” future, it is an expensive technology that barely exists in a commercial sense. Christmas Wauchope explores the dark world of the financing of small nuclear reactors (SMR). Small nuclear reactors offered as solution for Australia ‘clean […]]]>
Caution. Photo: Dan Meyers, Unsplash

Despite Murdoch’s hype about small nuclear reactors as a solution for Australia’s “clean energy” future, it is an expensive technology that barely exists in a commercial sense. Christmas Wauchope explores the dark world of the financing of small nuclear reactors (SMR).

Small nuclear reactors offered as solution for Australia ‘clean energy’ future. Australians should be aware of the financial gymnastics underway in the United States, with NuScale, and in the United Kingdom, with Rolls-Royce. It’s just to distinguish the two most advanced from the many doubtful SMR projects still at the starting point.

Murdoch media are enthusiastic on SMR. There are many unanswered questions missing from the hype. For starters – the “M” stands for “modular” – which means that these reactors will be built in pieces, of sorts, and moved to a site, where they will be put together, like an IKEA piece of furniture. But in fact, at least 50 models are being promoted, and not all of them are modular.

The critical question comes down to – money

The enthusiasm of the SMR lobby for the economic viability of SMRs does not measure up to the facts.

For one thing to consider – there is the price of the electricity that will eventually be delivered by these small nuclear reactors. The Minerals Council of Australia estimates that by 2030 and beyond, SMRs could provide electricity to networks from $ 64 to $ 77 MWh, depending on size and type. An analysis by WSP / Parsons Brinckerhoff, prepared for the Royal Commission on the Nuclear Fuel Cycle of South Australia 2015-16, valued a cost of A $ 225 / MWh for a reactor based on the NuScale design, about three times the MCA target range. CSIRO estimates SMR electricity costs A $ 258-338 / MWh in 2020 and A $ 129-336 / MWh in 2030.

Then there are the costs of getting the SMRs in the first place.

In Russia, China, France and Argentina, construction is done entirely or largely at taxpayer expense, and there is little or no transparency on costs. But generally in the western world, power generation is supposed to be a commercially viable operation. In the context of promoting low carbon technologies, SMRs are presented as being cheaper than large ones. It is generally acceptable for the government to initiate the process, with some funding, but with the understanding that the industry will become prosperous and profitable.

NuScale financing contortions

In the United States, NuScale leads the pack. After its partnership efforts with Romania, the United Kingdom, Canada and Jordan, NuScale has partnered with a Utah-based utility consortium develop what was initially proposed as a power station with 12 small reactors. The project, which is now expected to cost $ 5.1 billion, has since been scaled down to six reactors, which are expected to start commissioning in 2029. The Department of Energy (DOE) to provide annual supplement of about $ 130 million per year for a decade. However, that would depend on annual funding renewals by Congress during that decade, which is a risk.

NuScale promises to provide electricity at $ 55 / MWh. UAMPS and NuScale did not explain the methodology used to develop this figure. Meanwhile, PacifiCorp and Idaho Power concluded that electricity for NuScale reactors would cost between $ 94 and $ 121 / MWh.

Now NuScale is going to go public by merging with what’s called a Special Purpose Acquisition Company, or SPAC. The company, Spring Valley Acquisition Corporation, is already publicly traded. The new company named NuScale Power Corporation will be listed on the Nasdaq under the symbol SMR. Their the new SMR plants will be called VOYGR, and NuScale will open centers in universities to promote their technical training. The Department of Energy (DOE) will support these centers with funding, and NuScale will open centers in universities to promote their technical training. The DOE will support these centers with funding.

A PSPC is a type of shell company (shell companies being those that have no actual business operations, just specific goals, in this case raising capital). invested. Later Private investments through public capital, or PIPES, can be added, often bought at reduced prices by large institutions. The whole process is done relatively quickly and with much less scrutiny than in typical mergers. Chairman of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission Gary Gensler wants to tighten regulations on after-sales service:

Glitzy company presentations, buzzing press releases, and celebrity mentions can drive an SPAC’s equity far beyond reasonable value long before the proper disclosures are filed. Gensler said.

SPACs have had a checkered history – they allow sponsors to avoid financial loss even if the business fails, as many did in the 1990s. Sixty-five percent of deals closed in 2021 at a valuation over $ 1 billion are trading below $ 10 – the price at which they were launched. All the companies are trading below their market highs, with some of them down as much as 70%. Senator Elizabeth Warren and three other Democrats are investigate the imbalance in financial results for sponsors and banks compared to early investors.

Rolls Royce always looking for money

Equally torturous is the process of securing funding for UK SMRs. The government invested £ 18million in November 2019, which allowed for a significant development of the initial design as part of the first phase of the project. In early November 2021, Rolls-Royce Holdings Plc raised 455 million pounds ($ 608 million) to finance the development of SMRs, with nearly half of the funding from the UK government Rolls Royce The Small Modular Reactor (SMR) company is a consortium, supported by BNF Resources and Exelon Generation. BNF Resources UK Limited is a subsidiary of BNF Capital Limited. The other members of the consortium are Assystem, Atkins, BAM Nuttall, Laing O’Rourke, the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL), Jacobs, The Welding Institute (TWI) and Nuclear AMRC, as well as Rolls-Royce. It is not known at all how much each group has invested in the company.

For the plan to have the 30 billion pound fleet of mini nuclear power plants, the company will have to rely on UK taxpayers to help finance the construction of the first of the new models. The new £ 210million government funding announced on November 9 will advance Phase 2, over the next three years, of the so-called low-cost nuclear project to further develop the design of SMRs and bring it through the regulatory process to assess the suitability of potential UK deployment. Exelon contributes under an agreement of a year ago to find international markets. Rolls-Royce expects the first five SMRs to cost £ 2.2bn each, falling to £ 1.8bn for subsequent units.

Rolls-Royce will seek more investment for the project to help finance the construction of actual SMRs.

The government is passing legislation that will allow investors to support projects such as SMRs using a Regulated Asset Base (RAB) model, which allows them to recover the upfront costs from consumers, during the construction period, long before those consumers actually get electricity from the project.

Mythical beasts

So – it all comes down to a deal to spend around £ 400million over the next three years – to may be produce a design for a reactor, which could be able obtain regulatory approval, and could be able find investors who could be able be prepared to pay at least £ 2 billion to build each.

Where does it all leave Australia? Confused, probably like everyone else? It is not at all clear who will end up paying the most for the small nuclear reactors, or indeed, if this SMR fleet will ever become a reality. It will probably be the taxpayers. I do not have mentioned all these ancillary costs – to get community approval, for safety, waste disposal. In all the hype about solving the climate crisis, it is Australia is unlikely to have the thousands of small nuclear reactors needed up and running in time to have an effect on the climate.

In the meantime, one should be wary of the financial aspects, given the obscure manipulations underway in the United States and the United Kingdom, and remember that one of those mythical beasts, the small modular nuclear reactors, does not does not exist yet.

Renewables remain the cheapest source “new construction” of energy production. They exist. They work.


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Letter to the Editor: The World Needs More Power, Not Less https://abwr.org/letter-to-the-editor-the-world-needs-more-power-not-less/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 20:43:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/letter-to-the-editor-the-world-needs-more-power-not-less/ The Alliance for Community Engagement sent a letter to The Reflector, which was printed on December 15, regarding Don Brunell’s editorial “Build America Back” in which he advocated for fossil fuels. Let’s start with the beginning : 1. It is not a “fact” that fossil fuels destroy our chances of having a “secure, healthy and […]]]>

The Alliance for Community Engagement sent a letter to The Reflector, which was printed on December 15, regarding Don Brunell’s editorial “Build America Back” in which he advocated for fossil fuels. Let’s start with the beginning :

1. It is not a “fact” that fossil fuels destroy our chances of having a “secure, healthy and equitable future”. Greece is putting coal-fired power stations back into service and Japan is building 22 new coal-fired power stations to compensate for the closure of Fukushima. The African Energy Chamber accuses the West of eco-imperialism and says the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) is a death sentence for Africans. India is building coal mines in Botswana, as is China, which has also reneged on its “commitments” made in Glasgow, COP 26. Germany is closing three of its most recent nuclear reactors, 8.5 GW of base load, enough to power the nation of Denmark. The United States is doing the same, with the same end result, meaning that we will have to depend on imported natural gas, or firewood, for our energy – national suicide. Do we shut down pipelines, limit drilling fields, sell offshore oil fields, then beg the EUA to increase oil production? The “progressive” Greens want to destroy dams to save endangered fish, regardless of the needs of agriculture, industry and landowners. What about hydroelectricity?

2. Renewable energy has a cost. Wind farms and solar panel parks cause ecological damage in many places around the world, for example, Australia etc.

3. Electric cars require huge amounts of lithium (white gold) for their batteries, destroying native environments in developing countries like Peru, Africa and many others. Nations such as Germany, the United States, and China are buying up huge swathes of land in these developing countries for lithium production. Disposal of old solar panels and wind farms is being sent to places like Africa for destruction: out of sight, out of mind. Let them face it. Colonialism anyone?

4. Global warming is not the cause of extreme weather disasters. The rush to use every hurricane, tornado, drought, flood and wildfire as a frightening tactic to energize the public masks the real reasons for these events and obscures the minds of decision makers, rendering them unable to see the things that could actually be done. to at least rectify or combat these natural disasters.

5. AGW is a Western obsession. It is funded by huge charitable trusts, such as The Tides Foundation, Ford, Rockefeller, Mellon, and Act Blue (Read the book, The New Leviathan-David Horowitz) and individuals such as Gates and Soros, ad nauseam.

The world needs more energy, not less, and the future of energy includes nuclear, fossil fuels, hydropower and yes “renewables” where appropriate. Anyone who believes that a simple reduction in CO2 will save the world is illusory, or worse.

Jim Roth,

Ridgefield


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Isotope supply enables the USA to stop exports of HEU: Regulation & Safety https://abwr.org/isotope-supply-enables-the-usa-to-stop-exports-of-heu-regulation-safety/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 17:18:39 +0000 https://abwr.org/isotope-supply-enables-the-usa-to-stop-exports-of-heu-regulation-safety/ 23 December 2021 Global supplies of molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) manufactured without the use of highly enriched uranium (HEU) are now sufficient for the United States to ban exports of HEU material for the production of medical isotopes to the United States. foreigner. (Image: Angélique Johnson / Pixabay) US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm and Secretary of […]]]>

23 December 2021

Global supplies of molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) manufactured without the use of highly enriched uranium (HEU) are now sufficient for the United States to ban exports of HEU material for the production of medical isotopes to the United States. foreigner.

(Image: Angélique Johnson / Pixabay)

US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm and Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) Xavier Becerra have jointly certified that there is now a sufficient global supply of medical isotopes made without HEUs to meet the needs of patients in the States. United, triggering the export mandated by Congress. to forbid.

“Doctors and patients around the world can be confident that the critical medical isotope Mo-99 will be there when they need it, and we can provide that assurance without making further exports of highly enriched uranium,” he said. said Granholm.

Mo-99 is used in more than 40,000 medical procedures in the United States every day, including the diagnosis of heart disease and cancer. Most of the world’s isotope supply is produced by the fission of uranium-235 targets in a nuclear research reactor; however, the HEU targets used for much of this production (75% in 2016) are proliferation-sensitive material which, if hijacked or stolen, could be used as a component of a nuclear weapon.

For decades, the United States lacked the capacity to produce Mo-99 domestically, so to ensure a stable supply, it exported HEU to overseas producers of medical isotopes who used the material to produce Mo-99 for the US and global markets. In 2012, Congress called on the NNSA to establish a program to support the development of domestic commercial production of Mo-99 without the use of HEU.

“Obtaining a sufficient supply of Mo-99 produced without the use of HEU is the result of significant accomplishments by DOE, HHS, and the commercial Mo-99 industry,” the DOE said. The NNSA provided financial and technical assistance to help global producers of Mo-99 switch from HEU to low enriched uranium (LEU), as well as to support the development of a domestic production capacity of Mo -99 without the use of HEU, by providing more than US $ 200 million in cost-shared cooperation agreements, providing technical support to US national laboratories and establishing a lease and take-back program uranium for industry.

HHS notably facilitated this by approving the use of Mo-99 produced by global suppliers using UFE and also by approving a Mo-99 production system developed by NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes, which uses Mo-98 targets. rather than uranium.

Globally, Mo-99 is produced in a limited number of research reactors. Australia’s OPAL and South Africa’s SAFARI reactors are among those now producing Mo-99 from LEU targets, and earlier this year the Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group (NRG) ended its use. of HEU targets in the production of radioisotopes in the high flux reactor in Petten, the Netherlands.

The NNSA and HHS said they would continue to work together to further strengthen the U.S. supply of non-HEU-based Mo-99.

Research and writing by World Nuclear News




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Russia’s push to mine arctic metals is fueled by nuclear power https://abwr.org/russias-push-to-mine-arctic-metals-is-fueled-by-nuclear-power/ Wed, 22 Dec 2021 23:29:38 +0000 https://abwr.org/russias-push-to-mine-arctic-metals-is-fueled-by-nuclear-power/ When news first broke a few years ago that the Russian state nuclear power company was working on a floating nuclear power plant, some took it as a joke. Others scoffed at it as the worst idea ever. But it turns out it wasn’t such a far-fetched idea after all. Akademik Lomonosov started operating in […]]]>

When news first broke a few years ago that the Russian state nuclear power company was working on a floating nuclear power plant, some took it as a joke. Others scoffed at it as the worst idea ever.

But it turns out it wasn’t such a far-fetched idea after all. Akademik Lomonosov started operating in 2019. It looks like what it was meant to be: a reliable source of power in a region so harsh that building any other kind of power system would be a challenge.

Akademik Lomonosov is located next to the town of Pevek in Chukotka. Chukotka is an autonomous region located in the northern part of the Russian Far East.

It also happens to be full of gold, copper, and lithium, among other metals.

The Financial Times wrote earlier this week, how Russia fueled its Arctic ambitions with nuclear power. And the ambition is to take full advantage of the opening up of the northern sea route thanks to climate change but also of its metal and mineral wealth.

Take copper, for example. The demand for copper is expected to soar in the coming years if the energy transition continues at the current pace. Metal is the default choice for electrical wiring due to its exceptional conductivity and is also used in significant amounts in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, including from wind turbines and solar installations.

It is also used extensively in electric vehicles – while the average internal combustion engine contains around 20 kilograms of copper, the average electric car contains up to four times it. No wonder then that the demand for copper from the electric vehicle industry alone – in charge of electric vehicles only, according to BloombergNEF– is expected to grow by 1000% between 2020 and 2030.

It may well be that, while everyone is too busy watching natural gas prices in Europe and wondering what Moscow will do next, Moscow is actually focusing on metals and minerals – some of which, of course. elsewhere, were called the oil of tomorrow.

According to the FT article, Chukotka is rich in lithium reserves. It is difficult to determine how rich the wealth is, but it could be enough to be worth developing. Russia also has lithium deposits in Eastern Siberia and Yakutia, also in the Far East, and plans to become the source of 3.5% of the world’s lithium by 2025.

The arctic appears to be the modern version of the treasure cave of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. There is everything in the Arctic in terms of natural resources, but the harsh climate and the lack of even basic infrastructure in most of these regions have hampered the development of these resources. Nor have they been much needed in a fossil fuel economy.

However, with the expected surge in demand for most base metals and certain minerals deemed critical for the energy transition such as cobalt for example, or the group collectively called rare earths, there seems to be a strong motivation, at least in Russia, which has most of the Arctic, to forge ahead with the development of resources in the inhospitable Nordic region.

Rosatom, the company behind Akademik Lomonosov, plans to build five other floating nuclear power plants, all intended to supply mining projects. The nuclear option was preferred by the Kremlin to Novatek’s idea of ​​floating gas-fired power plants. The five floating power plants will cost $ 2.2 billion.

Floating power plants are the first step on the road to the development of Russia’s metallic and mineral wealth in the Arctic. Without electricity, the task of building roads and other vital infrastructure for a mining project is much more difficult. With electricity, the first big problem is solved.

“Russia should expand across the Arctic, because that’s where it has its main mineral resources,” President Vladimir Putin said in 2017 and has since ensured progress is being made.

“The world economy is aiming for a gradual transition to low-carbon energy, and this is already a new reality,” Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishoustine said earlier this year. “We must prepare for a gradual reduction in the use of traditional fuels: oil, gas, coal. [It is necessary] to improve energy efficiency, develop alternative energies, build appropriate infrastructure, ”Mishustin also said.

Russia, in other words, is starting to prepare for a post-fossil world, or at least a world that needs less of the hydrocarbons that have fueled it for nearly 200 years now. This world will replace hydrocarbons with metals and minerals. Fortunately for Russia, it has a lot of hydrocarbons, metals and minerals. Unfortunately for those who do not have a lot of metal and mineral resources, they could again find themselves dependent on imports from the country which now holds their gas supply.

By Irina Slav for Oil Octobers

More reads on Oil Octobers:

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