Nuclear Energy USA – ABWR http://abwr.org/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 04:23:26 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://abwr.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default-150x150.png Nuclear Energy USA – ABWR http://abwr.org/ 32 32 Nuclear industry promises action after COP27 https://abwr.org/nuclear-industry-promises-action-after-cop27/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 23:29:25 +0000 https://abwr.org/nuclear-industry-promises-action-after-cop27/ On his return from COP27, the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Mariano Grossi, told the Agency’s Board of Governors: change, the IAEA offers cooperative solutions and ways to progress. He noted that nuclear energy already accounts for 25% of the world’s low-carbon energy and has a long, proven history and […]]]>

On his return from COP27, the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Mariano Grossi, told the Agency’s Board of Governors: change, the IAEA offers cooperative solutions and ways to progress.

He noted that nuclear energy already accounts for 25% of the world’s low-carbon energy and has a long, proven history and enormous potential. “But the extent of nuclear’s ability to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions is not fully understood by countries and regions. It’s a barrier to membership. »

He added: “The Atoms4NetZero initiative, which I announced at the COP, aims to change that. Through this initiative, we will work in partnership with our Member States to model and measure the contribution of nuclear energy to their net zero energy transitions. Atoms4NetZero will help countries assess the potential for using nuclear beyond the grid – for example, to produce hydrogen or for desalination – whether through large traditional nuclear power plants or newer nuclear technologies , such as SMRs. I encourage each of our Member States to participate in Atoms4NetZero. My message to COP leaders was that nuclear technology and science can and will do more.

On the same day, a joint statement was released by the Canadian Nuclear Association, the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum, the US Nuclear Energy Institute, the UK Nuclear Industry Association, Nucleareurope, the Romanian Atomic Forum and the World Nuclear Association urging policy makers to “recognize and support the need for increased production of nuclear energy worldwide”.

The current global geopolitical context has highlighted the importance of a resilient, decarbonized and independent energy system. “Security of energy supplies and affordable prices for citizens and businesses are pressing issues for policy makers around the world. Achieving the climate goals set by the Paris Agreement, ensuring more efficient use of natural resources and investing in energy innovation remain top priorities,” the statement said. However, he added that the recent report published by the United Nations on the emissions gap in 2022 shows that current policies are not enough to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. “A system-wide transformation is needed to ensure effective and sustainable reductions in emissions.”

Within the framework of COP27, representatives of the international nuclear industry presented their declaration “in support of the crucial role that nuclear energy must play in reshaping our paradigm and our energy policies in the future”. He noted: “In preparing for the future, we emphasize the importance of designing resilient energy strategies, centered on secure low-carbon energy sources capable of withstanding external shocks while safeguarding human well-being. our citizens and the competitiveness of our industry. Unity, shared commitments to end the use of energy as a weapon of war and achieve our climate goals must be the driving forces behind the reconfiguration of our energy policies.

Highlighting that nuclear energy has the lowest CO2 emissions per kWh over its life cycle of all energy sources (6g/kWh) and that uranium is abundant and well distributed around the world, the statement said “The cost of fuel represents a maximum of 10% of the cost of the electricity produced, nuclear energy can allow a stable cost of electricity for citizens, public administration, industry, agriculture and all other human activities that depend on electricity. Moreover, the spent fuel can be reused and recycled, which is a unique and additional advantage of nuclear energy.

Electricity generated from the existing fleet of nuclear power plants is extremely competitive “and remains the option with the lowest levelized cost of electricity not only among low-carbon sources, but among all energy sources. energy “. The statement adds that “new nuclear build projects are also cost competitive and the small modular reactors (SMRs) currently under development will bring the added benefit of lower initial costs and shorter construction periods.” In addition, large reactors, SMRs and advanced modular reactors can provide a wide variety of non-electrical applications such as clean hydrogen production, thermal energy for district heating, desalination, process heat as well as complement the variable nature of renewable technologies.

“We must put nuclear energy at the center of our economic recovery strategies,” the statement said. “Our global commitment to increase power generation from renewable energy sources will require additional low-carbon, dispatchable capacity to balance our power grids. Global nuclear expertise and innovation should be fully utilized to secure our current and future energy needs. The energy transition is not possible without maintaining and expanding the role of nuclear power.

In order to achieve a decarbonized and secure energy future, the declaration called for the following:

  • Investments in new nuclear builds (large, medium and small scale) should be scaled up and accelerated to increase the contribution of nuclear energy to energy grids by 2030, resulting in a significant, immediate and long-term on reducing CO2 emissions. The financial frameworks available worldwide (private sector and public sector) should be refocused to allow greater coverage of nuclear projects and related applications. The role of nuclear energy must be considered from a strategic point of view, fully recognizing its contribution to security of energy supply, affordable and stable energy prices and decarbonisation, in close cooperation with other low carbon technologies such as renewable energy.
  • Nuclear innovation, including large reactors, SMRs, microreactors and advanced reactors, should be accelerated for rapid global deployment, also making full use of non-electric applications, such as hydrogen production clean, industrial heat, district heating, desalination. Additional support should be provided for nuclear R&D and education to accelerate the bringing to market of new nuclear concepts such as Generation IV reactors, as well as to prepare the next generation of nuclear operators.
  • If clean hydrogen is to play a significant role as an energy carrier in the future, it will need to be low carbon, produced in large quantities at an affordable cost, close to where it is consumed. Nuclear energy can guarantee one of the lowest costs for clean hydrogen (as low as 2 euros/kg) due to its dispatchable production. Clean hydrogen strategies around the world should therefore include all low-carbon technologies, not just renewables.
  • Nuclear projects require strategic planning and a long-term vision. Good cooperation between policy makers, the financial community, industry and other stakeholders is needed to ensure that the benefits of nuclear energy are maximized at every stage of the supply chain.

“The points mentioned above represent, in our view, a sustainable and resilient energy strategy for the future. We are ready to work with policy makers, the financial community and all relevant stakeholders to implement our vision and further develop our common goals of clean energy transition, security of supply and affordable energy for all. .

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Ukraine’s energy supplies under persistent Russian attack, heavy fighting in the east https://abwr.org/ukraines-energy-supplies-under-persistent-russian-attack-heavy-fighting-in-the-east/ Fri, 18 Nov 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/ukraines-energy-supplies-under-persistent-russian-attack-heavy-fighting-in-the-east/ Redeployed Russian forces challenge Ukraine in the east Ukrainian minister says bodies and traces of torture found in Kherson UN watchdog issues new warning to Russia over nuclear power plants KYIV, Nov 18 (Reuters) – Russian missiles and shells have hit Ukrainian positions in several areas and heavy fighting in Donetsk in the east has […]]]>
  • Redeployed Russian forces challenge Ukraine in the east
  • Ukrainian minister says bodies and traces of torture found in Kherson
  • UN watchdog issues new warning to Russia over nuclear power plants

KYIV, Nov 18 (Reuters) – Russian missiles and shells have hit Ukrainian positions in several areas and heavy fighting in Donetsk in the east has not ceased, the Ukrainian military said as forces occupation of Moscow seemed more active.

As the first snow of winter fell in Kyiv, authorities said they were working to restore power across the country after Russia earlier this week unleashed what Ukraine called a bombardment of civilian infrastructure in the most violent of the war, which began in late February when Russia invaded its neighbour.

Ukraine’s energy infrastructure was under constant attack by Russian missiles and drones from the capital Kyiv in the north to Dnipro in central Ukraine and Odessa in the south, the military said in a statement.

In the past 24 hours, Ukrainian forces shot down two cruise missiles, five air-launched missiles and five Iranian-made Shahed-136 drones, he added. Reuters was unable to verify reports from the battlefield.

About 10 million people were without power, President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said in a video address Thursday evening. Authorities in some places have ordered forced emergency power outages, he said.

A UN agency has said a serious humanitarian crisis is looming, with millions of people facing “constant power cuts” as Ukraine’s typically long and cold winter begins.

Pope Francis reiterated on Friday that the Vatican is ready to do everything possible to mediate and end the conflict.

“We must all be pacifists,” he told Italian daily La Stampa. “Wanting peace, not just a truce that can only serve to rearm. True peace, which is the fruit of dialogue.”

Meanwhile, a Dutch court has convicted two Russians and a Ukrainian in absentia of murder for their role in the downing of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine in 2014. The forces backed by the Russia and the Ukrainian army have been fighting in the eastern provinces since 2014, the same year Russia annexed Crimea to Ukraine.

“Punishment for all Russian atrocities – present and past – will be inevitable,” Zelenskiy wrote on Twitter in response to the court’s ruling.

Moscow called the decision “outrageous”.

In the Donetsk region, Russian forces have been bolstered by troops withdrawn from the southern city of Kherson, which Ukraine recaptured last week. Russian forces fired artillery at the nearby towns of Bakhmut and Soledar, among other places, the Ukrainian military said.

Russian fire also hit Balakliya in the northeastern Kharkiv region, which Ukraine recaptured in September, and Nikopol, a town on the opposite shore of the Kakhovka Reservoir from the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, according to the communicated.

EXTENSION OF THE AGREEMENT ON CEREALS

Ukrainian presidential adviser Oleksiy Arestovych said seven people in Zaporizhzhia had been killed, while Ukrainian forces repelled Russian attacks on the town of Huliapole, east of the city of Zaporizhzhia.

Reuters was unable to verify the information.

The board of directors of the UN’s nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has again called on Russia to end all actions at Ukrainian nuclear power plants and to immediately withdraw from Zaporizhzhia, the largest nuclear power plant in Europe.

A deal brokered by the United Nations and Turkey in July aimed at alleviating global food shortages by helping Ukraine export its agricultural products from Black Sea ports, was extended for four months on Thursday, although Russia has stated that his own demands had not yet been fully met.

Since August 1, more than 450 ships have transported 11 million tonnes of Ukrainian grain and other foodstuffs around the world, Ukraine’s Zelenskiy said.

HELP, ROCK MUSIC

The withdrawal of Russian forces from the southern strategic city of Kherson last week following a Ukrainian counter-offensive was celebrated by its people, but also created uncertainty.

On Thursday, the central plaza was a frenetic melee of humanitarian aid queues and displays of patriotism.

At one end, a man played the Ukrainian anthem on the accordion as passers-by sang along; one man strumming popular Ukrainian rock songs on the other. Children and teenagers asked a soldier to sign flags draped around their shoulders.

People lined up to swap Russian SIM cards in their cellphones for Ukrainian ones and hundreds waited for humanitarian aid but said they had no idea what they might receive.

“We are fine, but we don’t know what to expect. Nothing is over yet. On this side of the river, forces are gathering. On this side, they are gathering. We are in the middle,” Ihor said. . , 48 years old, unemployed bricklayer.

Ukrainian and Russian artillerymen exchanged shellfire on the Dnipro river that runs through the Kherson region on Thursday, the shots echoing as freezing rain flooded the city.

Investigators from the recaptured territory in the region discovered 63 bodies bearing signs of torture after the departure of Russian forces, the Ukrainian interior minister said.

Russia denies that its troops are targeting civilians or have committed atrocities. Mass burial sites were found in other parts previously occupied by Russian troops, some with civilian bodies showing signs of torture.

Reports from Reuters offices; Written by Grant McCool and Lincoln Feast; Editing by Cynthia Osterman and Simon Cameron-Moore

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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COP27 covered in clouds of failure https://abwr.org/cop27-covered-in-clouds-of-failure/ Sat, 12 Nov 2022 19:53:23 +0000 https://abwr.org/cop27-covered-in-clouds-of-failure/ United Nations climate summits are held every year to agree on actions that global indicators can take to prevent the Earth’s temperature from rising. Earth’s temperature has risen by 1.1°C and goes towards 1.5°C. If the temperature rises that much, it will have a colossal impact on all aspects of human life. In 2014, 194 […]]]>

United Nations climate summits are held every year to agree on actions that global indicators can take to prevent the Earth’s temperature from rising. Earth’s temperature has risen by 1.1°C

and goes towards 1.5°C. If the temperature rises that much, it will have a colossal impact on all aspects of human life. In 2014, 194 countries signed the Paris Climate Agreement to limit temperatures below 1.5°C. This year’s COP27 conference in Egypt is significant in many ways, as countries like Pakistan have faced massive climate-induced disasters that have decimated the economy, population and infrastructure. The world is facing an energy crisis due to the Ukrainian crisis. There is no visible way to achieve climate goals except nuclear power as things spin out of control and countries are heading for failure.

The world will fail to meet the goal of limiting temperature increases to less than 1.5°C, with devastating consequences for the developing world. However, the adoption of nuclear technology still offers hope to countries if major powers decide to cooperate

In this situation, the objective of limiting the rise in temperatures to less than 1.5°C seems unattainable. Countries that have pledged to reduce their emissions have not done so. The world has already become 1.2°C warmer than pre-industrial levels. In addition, the impact of greenhouse gases persists for a long time. Therefore, it seems impossible to obtain the objective of limiting the temperature rise to less than 1.5°C. This goal of reducing emissions does not seem easy and requires massive investments. By one estimate, the world will need $1 trillion invested each year to meet the Paris Climate Agreement target.

To achieve the goal of the Paris Climate Agreement, the use of nuclear energy is very important. In its reports, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has verbalized the use of proven technologies to limit the rise in temperatures to less than 1.5°C. Nuclear energy is the only source of energy capable of perpetuating energy without interruption. It is the cleanest proven energy source in the world today.

The United States and France derive respectively 20% and 70% of their energy from nuclear power. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have experimented with 1,000 scenarios that can be acclimated to deliver clean energy to the United States. The purest and most reliable source of power was nuclear technology. In addition, nuclear power plants need less space than wind and solar power plants and produce energy more efficiently than them. However, nuclear energy has so many stigmas attached to it.

Due to accidents such as Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima, global indicators hesitate to use the full power of nuclear energy. Moreover, these accidents can occur; however, the focus should be on finding the solution to these dilemmas, without totally ignoring its effectiveness.

Moreover, if we study the deaths caused per unit of electricity, nuclear causes 0.007 deaths against 24.6 for coal, 18.4 for oil, 4.6 for biomass and 2.8 for gas . If world leaders failed to embrace proven nuclear technology out of trepidation, and therefore fail to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, more people would die, especially in developing countries.

Research from the Climate Impact Lab has shown that people in low-income countries will be more affected by climate change than those in wealthier countries. According to its recent report, even if countries meet their commitments to the climate agreement, in cities like Faisalabad in Pakistan, the annual death rate from all causes could increase by 67 deaths per 100,000.

Additionally, the world will always need more electricity in the future as temperatures will rise due to climate change. In this scenario, people will be stuck in a cyclical process in which they will use more electricity to cool themselves, which will further deteriorate the climate if we don’t find a way to provide electricity from excellent nuclear resources. . Therefore, world leaders and businesses must find a solution to the dilemmas surrounding nuclear technology.

Companies like Terra power are working to build next-generation nuclear reactors. Using Super Computer simulation, they produced a nuclear reactor model that generates less atomic waste and can additionally work on waste from other nuclear reactors. Additionally, they build it underground, which can protect it from attack, and radioactive materials are stored in pins that expand when overheated, slowing the nuclear reaction. These innovative solutions are the desiderata of the hour. The Non-Proliferation Treaty also emphasizes the use of placid nuclear technology; however, this seems daunting in today’s multi-spectrum geopolitical environment.

The Russian-Ukrainian war will also have an impact on the development of nuclear reactors. Russia is developing more nuclear reactors in the world and China is following. Due to the current geopolitical competition, the United States would not help Russia and China build nuclear reactors and develop an awareness of dependence on other countries. Moreover, important powers must cooperate for the peaceful diffusion of atomic energy.

The world will fail to meet the goal of limiting temperature increases to less than 1.5°C, with devastating consequences for the developing world. However, the adoption of nuclear technology still offers hope to countries if major powers decide to cooperate.

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ESS operated by Consumers Energy for Michigan microgrid battery deployment – ​​pv magazine USA https://abwr.org/ess-operated-by-consumers-energy-for-michigan-microgrid-battery-deployment-pv-magazine-usa/ Thu, 10 Nov 2022 16:27:14 +0000 https://abwr.org/ess-operated-by-consumers-energy-for-michigan-microgrid-battery-deployment-pv-magazine-usa/ Microgrid helps utility meet goals set out in Michigan Department of Environment’s Energy Storage Roadmap to drive installation of 1 GW of energy storage projects by 2025 and 4 GW by 2040. November 10, 2022 Michael Schoeck Energy Storage Systems Inc. (ESS), a manufacturer of iron-flow batteries, has been retained by the Michigan utility Consumers […]]]>

Microgrid helps utility meet goals set out in Michigan Department of Environment’s Energy Storage Roadmap to drive installation of 1 GW of energy storage projects by 2025 and 4 GW by 2040.

Energy Storage Systems Inc. (ESS), a manufacturer of iron-flow batteries, has been retained by the Michigan utility Consumers Energy to supply batteries to a solar energy storage microgrid project plus powering a facility gas compression.

Consumers Energy will deploy the company’s Energy Warehouse solution to deliver a 20+ year old energy system. The project aims to help the utility achieve the goals outlined in the Michigan Department of the Environment’s Energy Storage Roadmap, which aims to see the installation of 1 GW of energy storage projects in by 2025 and 4 GW by 2040.

Using abundant iron, salt and water resources in its electrolyte, the ESS Energy Warehouse is an environmentally friendly long-term storage solution suitable for day-to-day time-shifted renewable energy. In this case, the Energy Warehouse manages the daily demand loads of the gas compression plant and balances the renewable energy intermittency on a constrained grid.

“ESS is proud to provide our safe, non-toxic battery storage system to a leading utility provider in the Midwest serving millions of customers,” said Hugh McDermott, senior vice president of business development and sales. at ESS.

In a recent interview with pv magazine United States At the RE+ conference, McDermott said the long-duration energy storage market is ripe to expand its manufacturing base in various markets such as Florida, North Carolina, Virginia and California.

In the United States, ESS is looking to expand production to 25 MW per year by the end of 2022 and over 100 MW by the end of 2023, while the company also scales to produce 400 MW per year in Australia.

ESS aspires to produce 750MW per year, which was mentioned during the company’s Q2 22 earnings call. The company sees demand reaching well over 1 GW per year of manufacturing capacity. The Long Duration Energy Storage Council released a report suggesting that under the right conditions, 1.5-2 TW/85-140 TWh long life batteries could be deployed by 2040.

Consumers Energy’s parent company, CMS Energy, released a ESG and Sustainable Development Report 2022 following a 2021 IRP that calls for a 60% reduction in CO2 emissions from its utility service territory by 2025, including the retirement of its 1.88GW coal generation fleet from by 2025 and installing 8 GW of new solar capacity by 2040 to drive $650 million in savings for customers for ratepayers. During this period, the utility’s generation mix will change from its current mix of 39% natural gas, 19% coal generation, 11% renewable energy and 8% nuclear energy to a generation mix of electricity consisting of 63% renewable energy, 12% energy storage, 10% natural gas and 15% customer savings programs.

This content is copyrighted and may not be reused. If you wish to cooperate with us and wish to reuse some of our content, please contact: editors@pv-magazine.com.

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If they win, Republicans in MAGA will push to abandon Ukraine and harm American security. https://abwr.org/if-they-win-republicans-in-maga-will-push-to-abandon-ukraine-and-harm-american-security/ Sun, 06 Nov 2022 11:03:23 +0000 https://abwr.org/if-they-win-republicans-in-maga-will-push-to-abandon-ukraine-and-harm-american-security/ Publicity during the first game of the World Series between the Phillies and the Houston Astros was terrifying — and totally misleading. He exposed Joe Biden for sending billions in aid and weapons to Ukraine as American cities were flooded with crime and undocumented immigrants. “Joe Biden says his fight in Ukraine could lead to […]]]>

Publicity during the first game of the World Series between the Phillies and the Houston Astros was terrifying — and totally misleading.

He exposed Joe Biden for sending billions in aid and weapons to Ukraine as American cities were flooded with crime and undocumented immigrants. “Joe Biden says his fight in Ukraine could lead to nuclear Armageddon. World War III“, intoned the narrator of the ad. “I say no mas.”

More than 1.1 million viewers “liked” the announcement when it appeared on Twitter.

The sponsor of the ad was a violently anti-immigrant black money group called Citizens for reason, who is linked to Steven Miller, a close White House aide to former President Donald Trump and an anti-immigration czar. Yet the attack on US aid to Ukraine – in language that could have been taken from the Kremlin’s own playbook – was particularly disturbing.

The advertisement is a preview of what to expect if Tuesday’s election returns a GOP majority in the House of Representatives, let alone the Senate. And it’s a gift for Vladimir Putin, who hopes his battlefield losses in Ukraine will be matched by MAGA’s victories in the United States.

” LEARN MORE: Putin’s nuclear threats and strikes against civilians rule out negotiations or a ceasefire.

GOP anti-Ukrainian rhetoric is mounting, from likely next House speaker, Rep. Kevin McCathy, to the current 57 members of the GOP House, to the choices supported by Trump for the next Congress. (Last month, 30 naively liberal democrats wrote to Biden urging him to pursue a ceasefirethen withdrew the letter, but at least they never called for an end to Ukraine aid.)

Meanwhile, new Twitter boss Elon Musk came up with an extremely stupid proposal, four-point “peace plan” it would effectively destroy Ukraine. And Trump himself announced on Truth social media platform that – unsurprisingly – he is the man to get “a negotiated deal NOW”.

Traditional Republicans, like the Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, who asks for more help to Ukraine, may struggle to stem a GOP tide that is elevating Putin’s war plans. Venture capital backed by Trump JD Vance says, in his Ohio race for the Senate, “We’ve given Ukraine enough money.” Arizona Senate Candidate MAGA Blake Masters argues that the aid money should go to building a border wall.

These America Firsters blithely ignore the threat Moscow’s war poses to the United States.

Putin thinks he can annex Ukraine by force in Europe because the West is too weak to stop him. It doesn’t matter that it was a practice that supposedly ended after World War II.

The Russian leader claims the right to invade Ukraine because it was once part of historic Russia and then part of the Soviet Union. Through this illogicality, he could seize and annex Alaska, or seize pieces of other European countries that were once ruled by Moscow.

As for a nuclear World War III, the United States and our allies are more likely to face Armageddon if we abandon Ukraine.

Putin and his minions are constantly threatening to use nuclear weapons to see if they can scare the West into abandoning Kyiv. If this nuclear blackmail succeeds, Putin will be encouraged to try the tactic again in Europe or against the United States in a future conflict. In reality, US and UK intelligence agencies see no signs that Putin is ready to use a tactical nuclear weapon.

The Russian leader also claims that Ukraine is considering detonating a dirty bomb (conventional explosives mixed with radioactive material) in order to blame Russia and escalate the war. It’s ridiculous. It is Putin who continues to escalate this war.

Putin’s army is creating a nuclear risk by ignoring demands from the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency to withdraw from Ukrainian nuclear power plants occupied. Russia targets Ukrainian civilians daily, with missiles destroying heating and water systems in major Ukrainian cities – a blatant war crime.

But why not dialogue with Putin on the end of the war, as Trump imagines himself doing? Why not press Kyiv to trade land for peace, as Musk has proposed?

The reason is simple: Ukraine wins on the field and Russia loses. So Putin promotes the idea of ​​talks (to any leader he thinks is gullible enough to say yes) in order to salvage his failing war effort. A ceasefire and/or negotiations would only buy Putin time to rebuild his broken army and then resume the war.

“Putin only wants negotiations because he badly needs a break to pull himself together,” says Yevgenia Albats, one of Russia’s top investigative journalists, who left Moscow in August after the Kremlin shut down the latest independent media.

“The idea that Ukraine can get peace if it gives up some of its land is ridiculous,” she told me on Tuesday. “Putin is not going to stop. He cannot afford to stop, as his power is based on the belief of the people around him that he is capable of keeping what he has promised. His plan is to restore the territory of the Soviet Union. He thinks that Ukraine has no right to exist as a state.

Indeed, Russia has already “annexed” four Ukrainian provinces which it partly occupies, after having organized fictitious referendums there. Putin has made it clear that he will not abandon these provinces – unless he is expelled militarily. As long as Putin retains this territory – giving him control of the entire Ukrainian coastline – Ukraine will remain an economically basket case, unable to recover. This is Putin’s goal.

Yet Musk’s brain death plan asks Putin to keep Crimea, while the UN monitors new referendums in the four occupied provinces. Does Musk really believe that the Russian military would allow “fair” elections after torturing and murdering the inhabitants of these territories and expelling half of their population? Or did Putin dazzle Musk in a private conversation?

The pro-‘peace talks’ crowd ignore Putin’s story of breaking key deals. Ukraine voluntarily gave up its nuclear weapons – remnants of Soviet times – under a 1994 deal called the Budapest Memorandum, in which Russia pledged to respect Ukrainian sovereignty. We see how well this agreement has worked.

Moreover, Putin totally twisted the minsk agreements which Kyiv reluctantly signed with Moscow after the first Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2014. Had Kyiv accepted Putin’s terms, the Ukrainian government would have lost control of its borders and national affairs.

In other words, Putin sees the peace talks as a step towards achieving his imperial goals.

Putin sees the peace talks as a step towards achieving his imperial goals.

As for the UN’s help in achieving peace, Putin has repeatedly shown his contempt for the world body. He regularly toys with a UN-backed agreementsigned in July, to lift the illegal Russian blockade of the Black Sea on grain exports from Ukraine.

Ukrainian officials told me in July, when I was in Odessa, that the Kremlin would inevitably use the grain deal to bludgeon Kyiv. To clarify this point, Russia attacked the port of Odessa with missiles the day after the agreement was signed. And, days later, Russia murdered Ukraine’s largest private grain merchant and his wife by firing a missile at their bedroom in the port city of Mykolaiv.

Moscow continued to limit grain exports, causing food shortages in Africa and blaming Ukraine for the crisis. Over the weekend, Moscow participation suspended in the deal – and blamed Kyiv for soaring world wheat prices. Then Russia announced on Tuesday that it was resumption of participation.

Who can take Putin’s signed promises seriously? For him, the signed agreements are malleable tools intended to to serve their own political purposes. But with the grain deal, Putin is also playing hunger games with the world’s poor.

” LEARN MORE: In Ukraine, no one is surprised that Russia bombed Odessa the day after the grain agreement.

Yet the bottom line when it comes to negotiations with Putin is that the West has no right to force a democracy to surrender to a dictator who will create a police state in Ukraine. “Peace talks” can only come if Putin backs down from his plan of conquest, and Ukraine’s sovereignty is guaranteed by Western nations.

Ukrainians are fighting and dying for their freedom, just as Americans did against a much less brutal enemy in the 1770s.

“I think it makes us stronger,” my former interpreter Lena recently texted me from Kyiv. She described searching for water and going without heating after Russian missiles hit the city’s infrastructure last month. “We are looking for ways to help each other,” she told me.

The test for America after Nov. 8 is whether sane Republicans and the Biden White House can coerce MAGA extremists — and warn the American public why supporting Kyiv is essential: Ukrainians are fighting Putin’s efforts to destroy their country so that we don’t. ‘t have to fight it a few years down the road.

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Analysis of radiation dose and gene expression in wild boar 10 years after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident https://abwr.org/analysis-of-radiation-dose-and-gene-expression-in-wild-boar-10-years-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 10:50:56 +0000 https://abwr.org/analysis-of-radiation-dose-and-gene-expression-in-wild-boar-10-years-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident/ Samples The intestine and muscle samples from 22 wild boars were collected between September 4 and March 2, 2020, in Namie City, Fukushima Prefecture. In addition, control intestine samples were collected from three wild boars from Hyogo Prefecture. Each location is shown in Figure 1. In each case, after the licensed hunters shot the wild […]]]>

Samples

The intestine and muscle samples from 22 wild boars were collected between September 4 and March 2, 2020, in Namie City, Fukushima Prefecture. In addition, control intestine samples were collected from three wild boars from Hyogo Prefecture. Each location is shown in Figure 1. In each case, after the licensed hunters shot the wild boar to be exterminated, only the tissue was transferred for study.

Measurement of radioactivity

Radioactivity in muscle samples was determined by gamma spectrometry using high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors (Ortec Co., Oak Ridge, TN, USA), as described in our previous report.3. Gamma rays from 137Cs were observed.

Estimation of exposure dose

In order to estimate the internal and external dose rates of wild boars according to ICRP publication 10826, we assumed the shapes of the boars as elongated spheroids whose major axis must be the length of their bodies. The short axis was given from their weight assuming that their specific gravity was the same as that of water. The dose rates were calculated from the contribution of 137Cs, excluding natural radionuclides. Energy deposition on spheroids by beta and gamma rays from radionuclides was calculated by numerical simulation using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport Code System (PHITS)27. For the sake of simplicity, we assumed that the spheroids were made up of muscle only, which would give overestimated values ​​because muscle contains more radiocaesium than other organs. The external exposure dose was calculated from the dose rates in the air that were observed from the monitoring station near the place of capture of the boars. The average values ​​of the dose rates in the air were obtained by fitting the data observed over two years with the decay curve. The background noise due to natural radionuclides was estimated at 0.05 µGy/h, observed before the Fukushima Daiichi accident, and was suppressed before the improvements. Dose rate half-lives in air were 2000 to 3000 days depending on the environment. Assuming that the external exposure dose has been attributed to the 137Cs included in the ground surface. The amount of the 137Cs was calculated to reproduce the observed airflows. Since the maximum beta ray range of 137Cs is a few millimeters, almost all beta rays from inside the body should be absorbed by the boar’s body, but beta rays from outside the body would stop in its fur. Beta rays contribute 100% to the internal exposure dose but 0% to the external dose. Since the linear attenuation coefficient for gamma rays of 137Cs is 0.084 cm−1= (12cm)−1, some of the gamma rays cannot stop in the body depending on the size of the body. Numerical simulation suggested that 65-90% of gamma rays from 137cs inside the body would extinguish, and 40-65% of the gamma rays of 137The Cs on the outside would pass through the body.

Pathological analysis

A piece of small intestine was fixed in 10% neutral formalin at 4°C for 24–48 h. Next, paraffin blocks were prepared for pathomorphological examination using hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining.

Gene expression analysis

Total RNA was extracted from all gut tissue using TRIzol reagent (Life Technologies, Inc., Frederic, MD, USA) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. RNA concentration was measured using a NanoDrop spectrophotometer (Thermo Scientific, Wilmington, DE, USA) and cDNA was synthesized using random primers and SuperScript II (Life Technologies, Inc). real-time PCR for IFN-γ, TLR3and CyclinG1 was performed using Brilliant SYBR Green QPCR Master Mix III (Stratagene, La Jolla, CA, USA) with an AriaMx system (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Primer sequences were designed using Primer-BLAST with sequences obtained from GenBank as described in the previous report4. The amplification conditions were 95°C for 3 min, 40 cycles at 95°C for 5 s and 60°C for 20 s. The fluorescence signals measured during the amplification were analyzed. Ribosomal RNA primers were used as an internal control and all data were normalized to constitutive rRNA values. The quantitative differences between the groups were analyzed using AriaMx software (Agilent Technologies).

statistical analyzes

All data are presented as the mean ± standard error (SE) for each treatment group. Differences in mRNA expression between groups were determined using the you-test with Welch’s correction. (Prism: GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, CA, USA). The differences were considered statistically significant at one P value < 0.05.

Ethics approval

No animals were killed for this research. The use of all animals was secondary to control wildlife pests. We conducted the survey with permission from the local government.

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Terrestrial Energy and Orano successfully complete IMSR assessment of fuel packaging and transportation https://abwr.org/terrestrial-energy-and-orano-successfully-complete-imsr-assessment-of-fuel-packaging-and-transportation/ Tue, 01 Nov 2022 13:37:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/terrestrial-energy-and-orano-successfully-complete-imsr-assessment-of-fuel-packaging-and-transportation/ Earth Energy Inc. BETHESDA, Md. and OAKVILLE, Ontario, Nov. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Terrestrial Energy has completed a regulatory assessment of the packaging and cross-border transportation of Integral Molten Salt Reactor (IMSR) nuclear fuel in collaboration with Orano, a world leader in the nuclear fuel cycle. This work demonstrates that the nuclear fuel casks […]]]>

Earth Energy Inc.

BETHESDA, Md. and OAKVILLE, Ontario, Nov. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Terrestrial Energy has completed a regulatory assessment of the packaging and cross-border transportation of Integral Molten Salt Reactor (IMSR) nuclear fuel in collaboration with Orano, a world leader in the nuclear fuel cycle.

This work demonstrates that the nuclear fuel casks currently used by Orano to serve the nuclear industry are suitable for transporting and supplying IMSR fuel. The scope of the assessment covered compliant packaging and transport for Canada, USA, UK and some EU countries. This result avoids the costly and time-consuming process of developing, licensing and manufacturing new nuclear fuel packages and has significant commercial implications for the early deployment of IMSR plants in key markets.

The packaging and transportation of nuclear reactor fuel are subject to strict regulatory requirements that ensure safety and protect property and the environment. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and regional government authorities have established regulations for the safe and secure handling of radioactive materials. Regulations are administered in Canada by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), in the United States by the Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), in the United Kingdom by the Office for Nuclear Regulation ( ONR), and in France by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN).

“Orano has long been a trusted nuclear fuel cycle partner for the global energy industry, including managing and performing more than 5,000 nuclear material transports each year,” said Amir Vexler, President. – Chief Executive Officer of Orano USA. “Next-generation technologies such as Terrestrial Energy’s IMSR will offer new and valuable commercial applications of nuclear energy. We are pleased to apply our nuclear fuel cycle expertise to help advance the development of these nuclear power facilities of the future.

“This result is possible because the IMSR plant is fed with standard dosage low-enriched uranium, which is commercially available and widely used in reactors today,” said Simon Irish, CEO of Terrestrial Energy. “Terrestrial Energy’s IMSR plant uses a molten salt reactor to provide high-temperature heat, which is essential for direct industrial use and high-efficiency power generation. The use of standard-strength low-enriched uranium fuel ensures that this transformative reactor technology integrates the nuclear industry’s existing capabilities, such as those provided by Orano, for a clear path to early deployment.

Orano and Terrestrial Energy carried out this assessment as part of a wide-ranging agreement that includes services such as uranium enrichment, chemical conversion into IMSR fuel, its production, transport, conditioning and its logistics. This agreement is part of Terrestrial Energy’s multiple supply strategy for the supply of IMSR fuel and reflects Orano’s desire to support the marketing of next-generation reactors through its wide range of fuel services.

For more than 50 years, the Orano group has provided the global nuclear industry with nuclear fuel products and expert services across the entire nuclear fuel cycle. These services include uranium enrichment and fuel conversion, production, conditioning and transportation. The security of commercial fuel supply throughout the life of the plant is supported by Orano’s modern, world-leading conversion and enrichment facilities, which meet the highest standards of safety, quality and safety while reducing their environmental footprint.

About Orano

A recognized international operator in the field of nuclear materials, Orano provides solutions to meet current and future global energy and health challenges. Its expertise and mastery of cutting-edge technologies enable Orano to offer its customers products and services with high added value across the entire nuclear fuel cycle. Every day, the 16,500 employees of the Orano group rely on their skills, their unwavering attachment to safety, and their constant quest for innovation with the commitment to develop know-how in the transformation and control of nuclear materials. , for the climate and for health and resource-efficient world, today and tomorrow. Orano, giving full value to nuclear energy.

About Earth Energy

Terrestrial Energy is developing for near-term commercial operation a zero-emission cogeneration plant for global industry using its proprietary Integral Molten Salt Reactor (IMSR) fission technology in an innovative, small, modular plant design. The IMSR is a Generation IV class non-light water reactor that operates at the high temperature required for broad industrial relevance with transformative economic potential. The IMSR plant is capable of producing grid electricity and industrial cogeneration in many energy-intensive industries, including petrochemical and chemical synthesis for the production of hydrogen and ammonia. The IMSR plant offers nearly a 50% improvement in the efficiency of electrical power generation compared to light water reactor nuclear power plants. Its industrial cogeneration capability offers today’s markets industrial competitiveness, energy security and zero-emissions industrial production. The IMSR plant’s use of existing industrial materials, components and fuels supports its near-term deployment, paving the way for rapid global decarbonization of the primary energy system.

CONTACT: Contact: Jarret Adams Terrestrial Energy Phone: (202) 815-9234 Email: jadams@fulloncom.com Contact: Curtis Roberts Press Officer, Orano Phone: (202) 374-8766 Email: curtis.roberts@orano.group
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Global nuclear reactor decommissioning market https://abwr.org/global-nuclear-reactor-decommissioning-market/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 12:03:39 +0000 https://abwr.org/global-nuclear-reactor-decommissioning-market/ Dublin, Oct. 27, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Global Nuclear Power Reactor Decommissioning Market Report 2022” report has been added to from ResearchAndMarkets.com offer. The global nuclear reactor decommissioning market is expected to grow from $4.90 billion in 2021 to $5.62 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.8%. The nuclear […]]]>

Dublin, Oct. 27, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Global Nuclear Power Reactor Decommissioning Market Report 2022” report has been added to from ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

The global nuclear reactor decommissioning market is expected to grow from $4.90 billion in 2021 to $5.62 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.8%. The nuclear reactor decommissioning market is expected to reach $8.79 billion in 2026 at a CAGR of 11.8%.

The main types of nuclear power reactor dismantling are pressurized water reactors, pressurized heavy water reactors, boiling water reactors, gas-cooled high-temperature reactors, liquid metal fast breeder reactors, etc. Dismantling nuclear reactors under pressure refers to a type of nuclear reactor that generates power while propelling nuclear submarines and warships. The different capacities include less than 100 MW, 100-1000 MW and more than 1000 MW and are used in several applications such as commercial power reactors, prototype power reactors and research reactors.

Europe was the largest region in the nuclear reactor decommissioning market in 2021. North America is expected to be the fastest growing region during the forecast period. Regions covered in the Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning market report are Asia-Pacific, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, Middle East and Africa.

Rising sensitivity to environmental issues is expected to propel the growth of the nuclear reactor decommissioning market in the future. Environmental sensitivity refers to the growing awareness of environmental issues. Nuclear power plants (NPC) are used to generate carbon-free electricity due to their superior reliability, huge clean air compliance value, and large power generation capacity.

Decommissioning is the process of removing nuclear fuel from a nuclear power plant and assisting in the termination of operating licenses. For example, according to the Government of Canada, as of October 2021, the Canadian government is working to develop resources and improve the quality of the environment, with the goal of reducing carbon emissions by 30% by 2030 and achieve net zero emissions by 2050. Additionally, in May 2021, the UK announced funding of £166.5 million ($206.61 million) to support the development of green technologies that would reduce carbon emissions. Hence, the growing sensitivity to environmental issues is driving the growth of the nuclear power reactor decommissioning market.

The implementation of information and technology is the key trend gaining popularity in the nuclear reactor decommissioning market. Major companies operating in the nuclear reactor decommissioning sector focus on using information and technology to strengthen their position. For example, in February 2020, the VTT Technical Research Center, a research and technology company based in Finland, launched the dECOmm project, which helps decommission nuclear power plants. This project uses information technology in decommissioning to make the process easier and faster. The dECOmm project is an environmentally friendly project that emits less carbon during the dismantling of nuclear power plants.

Scope
Covered markets:

1) By type of reactor: pressurized water reactor; Pressurized heavy water reactor; boiling water reactor; High temperature gas cooled reactor; liquid metal fast breeder reactor; Other types of reactors
2) By capacity: less than 100 MW; 100-1000MW; Above 1000 MW
3) By application: Commercial power reactor; power reactor prototype; research reactor

Main topics covered:

1. Summary

2. Characteristics of the nuclear reactor decommissioning market

3. Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market Trends and Strategies

4. Impact of COVID-19 on the decommissioning of nuclear reactors

5. Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market Size and Growth

6. Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market Segmentation

7. Regional and Country Analysis of Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

8. Asia-Pacific Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

9. Chinese nuclear reactor decommissioning market

10. India Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

11. Japan Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

12. Australia Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

13. Indonesian nuclear reactor decommissioning market

14. South Korea Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

15. Western Europe Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

16. UK nuclear reactor decommissioning market

17. Germany Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

18. French nuclear reactor dismantling market

19. Eastern Europe Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

20. Russia nuclear reactor decommissioning market

21. North America Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

22. United States Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

23. South America Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

24. Brazil Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

25. Middle East Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

26. Africa Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market

27. Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market Competitive Landscape and Company Profiles

28. Major mergers and acquisitions in the nuclear reactor decommissioning market

29. Nuclear Reactor Decommissioning Market Future Outlook and Potential Analysis

30. Appendix

Companies cited

  • Babcock International Group PLC
  • GE Hitachi Nuclear Services
  • Fluor Corporation
  • Westinghouse Electric Company
  • AECOM
  • NorthStar Group Services Inc.
  • Studsvik AB
  • Bechtel Group Inc.
  • James Fisher and Son PLC
  • Orano Group
  • WS Atkins PLC
  • Enercon Services Inc.
  • Areva S.A.
  • SNC LAVALIN
  • TEPCO

For more information on this report, visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/fi8mdk

        
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US Confidence Before Aggressive Counterproliferation https://abwr.org/us-confidence-before-aggressive-counterproliferation/ Fri, 21 Oct 2022 21:15:25 +0000 https://abwr.org/us-confidence-before-aggressive-counterproliferation/ The United States said on Monday it was confident Pakistan could control its nuclear assets after US President Joe Biden’s recent statement describing Pakistan as “one of the most dangerous nations in the world” and questioning the security protocols for its nuclear weapons. two countries on Saturday, leading Islamabad to summon the US ambassador. The […]]]>

The United States said on Monday it was confident Pakistan could control its nuclear assets after US President Joe Biden’s recent statement describing Pakistan as “one of the most dangerous nations in the world” and questioning the security protocols for its nuclear weapons. two countries on Saturday, leading Islamabad to summon the US ambassador.

The recent and, at times, irresponsible hype written by US media with serious references has created a sense of cynicism among Pakistanis, reinforcing the belief that the recent statement is a prelude to aggressive counter-proliferation measures by states. -United.

“The United States is confident of Pakistan’s commitment and ability to secure its nuclear assets. The United States has always viewed a secure and prosperous Pakistan as essential to American interests, and more broadly, the United States appreciates our longstanding cooperation with Pakistan,” State Department spokesman Vedant said. Patel to reporters. In a speech Oct. 13, Biden said Pakistan was “perhaps one of the most dangerous nations in the world” because it possesses “nuclear weapons without any cohesion.” A transcript of Biden’s speech was posted by the White House on its website.

Pakistani Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari told a news conference he was “surprised” by Biden’s statement. “I think that’s exactly the kind of misunderstanding that is created when there’s a lack of commitment,” he added. “Pakistan has long been at the forefront of the fight against regional and global terrorism,” FO spokesman Mohammad Faisal told a regular press briefing. “It is thanks to Pakistan’s cooperation with the international community, recognized and appreciated by American leaders, that the core of al-Qaeda has been decimated in the region.”

Pakistan’s efforts to fight numerous militant groups on its soil at the behest of the United States have never satisfied Washington. Thousands of people have been killed in Pakistan due to terrorist attacks since the start of the war on terror. Pakistan’s role in the war on terrorism was initiated by the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States. They were a new manifestation of terrorism, which completely changed the political psyche of the world. The problem of terrorism, which had been confined to small groups and a few states, has become a global threat. After 9/11, Pakistan becomes a frontline state; immediately after that the US government approached Pakistan and after that a war on terror started in Pakistan.

In response, Pakistan had to face countless problems of chaos and threats to its stability. Thousands of people and security forces died because of it. Despite a clear assessment, the United States insisted on doing more and declared Pakistan a hotbed of terrorism and the most dangerous country in the world. She was accused of being either an accomplice of the terrorists or incompetent to fight them.

Pakistan is surrounded by giant nuclear-armed neighbors Russia, China and India. Pakistan lives in a security-intensive environment, with internal and external threats. Each time the Indian threat increases, additional or new nuclear capabilities are needed. Nuclear weapons are an essential element of its national security, and nuclear energy needs are based on long-term national development planning. Pakistan’s strategic planners are skilled enough to balance external threats, internal volatility, technical requirements, resource availability and privacy requirements of each sensitive site. Therefore, widespread claims about nuclear assets falling into the hands of the Taliban are false on the ground.

After a discussion with my husband who, as an army officer, had spent more than a decade at missile sites, I find that Pakistan has made its nuclear and missile program completely safe and secure by completing all IAEA safety requirements and meeting international standards. To achieve cohesion, all nuclear and missile related outfits were placed under the SPD for better coordination and performance. The missile force was placed under the command of the strategic force. One of the important aspects of Pakistan’s credentials is its safe operational experience in the management of peaceful nuclear technology for over 40 years.

The culture of nuclear security evolved in Pakistan after 9/11. Pakistan has improved its procedure for vetting military and scientific personnel. The SPD’s security division has established a reporting system to monitor the movements of all officials. Then, a control and accounting system for sensitive materials was put in place. The system was derived from modern training, possibly modeled on US national laboratory procedures. The launch of the Nuclear Security Action Plan (NSAP), organized by the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA), was a very significant development in Pakistan’s nuclear security management. The PNRA is an independent body in charge of civilian programs, but it coordinates closely with the SPD. In addition, Pakistani security guards know how to use detection equipment and security barriers, as well as set up checkpoints and customs posts.

India laid the groundwork for the nuclearization of South Asia in August 1974 by carrying out a weaponized nuclear explosion. This breakthrough in nuclear technology was achieved with the help of the former USSR, Canada and the United States. India expanded and modernized its armed forces with the help of the former USSR, which became India’s largest arms supplier. On the other hand, Pakistan defeated the USSR, sacrificed 80,000 lives and well over $200 billion, and destroyed its industrial infrastructure for the good of the United States. Now, as the most experienced nuclear power, the United States can share its nuclear security practices, system performance, and accident likelihood.

The United States has produced sensitive sensors and software capable of detecting radiation at an extremely low level. Pakistan is unlikely to accept foreign-made sensors at any of its hotspots, but it can use such devices at key geographic choke points. The United States can help Pakistan modernize its NSAP by installing modern sensors and radiation monitors for portal monitoring at locations acceptable to Pakistan. This would help prevent the terrorist transport of conventional explosives as well as illicit radiological materials

Pakistan is very cautious about seeking assistance from the United States with nuclear technology, particularly if the assistance is perceived to be intrusive in nature. Like other nuclear-capable states, Pakistan also knows how to protect its nuclear sites and best practices from outside influence or knowledge.

Dalton, a non-proliferation and nuclear energy expert who discusses regional security challenges and the changing global nuclear order writes very well: “Pakistan is not recognized enough for security practices nuclear power that he has put in place. The prominence given to nuclear weapons in Pakistan’s national security strategy means that the government has a vested interest in protecting them. To date, there is no public information that indicates close calls of missing hardware, and no hints of further technology leaks after AQ Khan’s proliferation network was taken down.

US-India relations have blossomed while US-Pakistani relations have become more troubled. In the past, Pakistan has sought to catalyze US intervention as a way to internationalize the Kashmir dispute, while India has actively opposed any US political interest in a resolution of the Kashmir issue. India has not welcomed US intervention unless it comes with promises to force Pakistan to crack down on groups attacking India. Meanwhile, most Pakistanis probably don’t trust the US to be an honest broker in regional disputes. Thus, in the abstract, it is difficult to define the role that the United States might play in resolving likely sources of conflict.

The recent and, at times, irresponsible hype written by US media outlets with serious references has created a sense of cynicism among Pakistanis, reinforcing the belief that the recent statement is a prelude to aggressive counter-proliferation measures by the United States. United.

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Achieving ‘net zero’ emissions: how energy leaders plan to tackle climate change in the future https://abwr.org/achieving-net-zero-emissions-how-energy-leaders-plan-to-tackle-climate-change-in-the-future/ Thu, 20 Oct 2022 11:00:00 +0000 https://abwr.org/achieving-net-zero-emissions-how-energy-leaders-plan-to-tackle-climate-change-in-the-future/ While the federal government has pledged more than US$360 billion in clean energy incentives under the Inflation Reduction Act, energy companies are already lining up investments. It’s a huge opportunity, and analysts predict it could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States by about 40% in the decade. But in conversations with energy […]]]>

While the federal government has pledged more than US$360 billion in clean energy incentives under the Inflation Reduction Act, energy companies are already lining up investments. It’s a huge opportunity, and analysts predict it could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States by about 40% in the decade.

But in conversations with energy industry leaders over the past few months, we’ve heard that financial incentives alone aren’t enough to meet the national goal of reaching net zero emissions by 2050.

Achieving net-zero emissions will require more pressure from regulators and investors and acceptance of technologies that are not generally seen as the best solutions to the climate crisis, some energy industry leaders believe.

‘Net-zero’, with natural gas

In the spring of 2022, we hosted a series of conversations at Penn State University around energy and climate with leaders from several major energy companies – including Shell USA and power utilities American Electric Power and Xcel Energy – as well as with leaders from the Department of Energy and other public sector agencies.

We asked them about the technologies they see the United States relying on to develop a net zero greenhouse gas energy system by 2050.

Their responses provide insight into how energy companies envision a net zero future that will require extraordinary changes in the way the world produces and manages energy.

We’ve heard a lot of agreement among energy leaders that getting to net-zero emissions isn’t about finding a future silver bullet. They point out that many effective technologies are available to reduce emissions and capture emissions that cannot be avoided. What is not an optionin their view, is to leave existing technologies in the rearview mirror.

They expect natural gas in particular to play a significant, if not growing, role in the US energy sector for many years to come.

Behind this view, energy leaders say, is their deep skepticism that renewable energy technologies alone can meet the country’s future energy demands at a reasonable cost.

The costs of wind and solar power and energy storage have declined rapidly during the last years. But reliance on these technologies has caused some network operators to worry that they cannot rely on the wind blowing or the sun shining at the right time – especially as more electric vehicles and other new users connect to the power grid.

Energy companies are understandably nervous about power grid outages – no one wants this to happen again blackouts in texas in the winter 2021. But some energy companies, even those with ambitious climate goals, profit generously traditional energy technologies and are investing heavily in fossil fuels. Some have resisted clean energy mandates.

In the view of many of these energy companies, a net zero energy transition is not necessarily a transition to renewable energy.

Instead, they see a net-zero energy transition requiring massive deployment of other technologies, including advanced nuclear power and carbon capture and sequestration technologies that capture carbon dioxide, either before it is released or into the air, and then put it away in nature or pump it underground. So far, however, attempts to deploy some of these technologies on a large scale have been met with high costs, public opposition and serious questions on their environmental impacts.

Think globally, act regionally

Another key takeaway from our roundtable discussions with energy leaders is that how clean energy is deployed and what net zero looks like will vary by region.

What sells in Appalachia, with its resource-based economy and manufacturing base, may not sell or even be effective in other areas. Heavy industries like steel require tremendous heat as well as chemical reactions that electricity simply cannot replace. The economic displacement resulting from the shift away from coal and natural gas production in these regions raises questions about who bears the burden and who benefits from the shift in energy sources.

Opportunities also vary by region. Appalachian mine waste could boost the domestic supply of materials essential to a cleaner energy grid. Some coastal regions, on the other hand, could boost decarbonization efforts through offshore wind.

On a regional scale, industry leaders said, it may be easier to identify common goals. The Midcontinent Independent System Operator, known as MISOwhich runs the power grid for the Upper Midwest and parts of the South, is a good example.

Among the large power system operators, MISO has a large and varied territory, which also extends into Canada, which can make management decisions more difficult. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

When its coverage area was primarily in the upper Midwest, MISO could bring regional parties together with a shared vision of more opportunities for wind power development and greater electrical reliability. He was able to produce an efficient multi-state power grid plan to integrate renewable energy.

However, as utilities from more distant (and less windy) states joined MISO, they challenged these initiatives as not bringing benefits to their local networks. The challenges were not successful, but raised questions about the extent of cost and benefit sharing.

Wait for the right kind of pressure

Energy leaders also said companies weren’t keen on taking the risk that low-carbon energy projects would drive up costs or degrade grid reliability without some kind of financial or regulatory.

For example, tax credits for electric vehicles are great, but powering those vehicles could require a lot more carbon-free electricity, not to mention a major upgrade to the national transmission grid to displace that electricity. own.

This could be fixed with “smart charging” – technologies that can recharge vehicles in times of excess electricity or even use electric cars to provide part of the network’s needs on hot days. However, utility regulators often dissuade companies from investing in power grid upgrades to meet these needs, for fear that customers will end up paying large bills or that the technologies won’t work as promised.

Energy companies also don’t seem to be feeling any major pressure from investors to move away from fossil fuels.

Despite all the talk of environmental, social and governance concerns that industry leaders need to prioritize – known as ESG – we heard during the roundtable that investors don’t move a lot of money among energy companies whose responses to ESG concerns are not satisfactory. With little pressure from investors, energy companies themselves have little good reason to take clean energy risks or push for regulatory changes.

Direction needed

These conversations have reinforced the need for increased leadership on climate issues from legislators, regulators, energy companies and shareholders.

If the energy industry is stuck with outdated regulations, we believe it is up to the public and forward-looking leaders in business, government and investors to push for change.

The conversation

Seth BlumsackProfessor of Energy and Environmental Economics and International Business, Penn State and Lara B. Fowler, Acting Chief Sustainability Officer, Penn State; Acting Director, Penn State Sustainability Institute; Teaching Professor, Penn State Law, Penn State

This article is republished from The conversation under Creative Commons license. Read it original article.

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