Iran nuclear deal: eighth round of talks begins in Vienna | Iran
An eighth round of talks on relaunching the Iran nuclear deal began in Vienna, with Iran saying participants were largely working from an acceptable joint draft text and his team was prepared to stay that long. than it will take to reach an agreement.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian has said he wants the next round of talks to focus on how Tehran can verify that US sanctions have actually been lifted. The historic 2015 agreement, from which Donald Trump withdrew the United States, lifted sanctions against Iran in exchange for controls over its civilian nuclear program.
“We must reach a point where Iranian oil can be sold easily and without any restrictions so that the money for this oil can be transferred in foreign currency to Iran’s bank accounts,” Amir-Abdollahian said.
He said the negotiators were working from two joint draft texts. The first broadly covers the nature of any sanctions related to the nuclear deal that the United States must lift and the second concerns the staging and details of the measures Iran must reverse to come back into compliance with the agreement. , such as reducing its nuclear stock and ending the use of advanced centrifuges.
Regarding the third document on the verification of the lifting of sanctions, Iran spoke of a fixed volume of oil and industrial exports that must be completed before having to take reciprocal action by fully returning to its compliance with its part of the OK.
Iran fears Western companies will be reluctant to invest in Iran for fear that a future Republican President of the United States will reimpose sanctions in 2025, putting their investments at risk, as happened in 2018 when Trump stepped down. is withdrawn from the agreement.
Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in a speech in February that the sanctions must be lifted in practice, and not just on paper. Research by the Iranian parliament established the number of barrels of oil to be exported per day and the required value of transactions made in Iranian-controlled banks in Europe.
Although the talks are difficult, Iran seemed determined to inject some optimism into a process that began in April.
In an important announcement the day before the eighth round, the Iranian atomic energy authority publicly pledged that it would not seek to enrich uranium by more than 60%, a promise that relieved Russian negotiators who feared that if Tehran pushed ahead with nuclear weapons – 90% enrichment, the European and American delegations would drop the talks.
Western diplomats have said they won’t let talks drag on, possibly with early February as the final deadline. They point out that the talks first started and were then put on hold for three months while a new Iranian government revised its negotiating position. Meanwhile, Israel claims Iran is procrastinating as its scientists secretly bring Iran closer to a nuclear bomb. Western diplomats accept that Iran is closer than ever to the time of the explosion, but it is not the same as being on the verge of possessing a nuclear weapon.
Iran, China, Russia, France, Germany, the UK and the EU have participated in the talks, with a US delegation indirectly involved – a cumbersome procedure Tehran has insisted on even though it delayed progress. Iran has complained in recent weeks that European countries, particularly France, have taken a position that is no different from the United States.
The extent to which Iran needs Western sanctions lifted in order to be able to produce a sustainable budget is contested in the country. The leadership team around the new president, Ebrahim Raisi, says it can avoid removing costly subsidies on gasoline while producing a sustainable budget, a claim rejected by many Iranian economists.